Thursday, 27 August 2015

What Does An Air Filter Do & Why Do You Need Them?

Air Filters
Air filters are not just machines for purifying the air in homes for germ phobic people. They are actually essential to your car functioning properly.

Even those who don’t take a keen interest in the inner working of their car and know little about them might recall being told that it is important to change your car’s air filter regularly.

This is because it will help your car’s performance, make it run more efficiently and therefore save you a bit of money.

Air filters keep your engine clean and free of debris. This aids the engine to function optimally and means better gas mileage.

If you need to buy a new air filter or filter kits for your engine check out GTS Components. They specialise in air filters, fuel filters, hydraulic filters and filter kits for all kinds of automotive equipment. Their online shop means its fast, efficient and easy to buy your new air filter.

An air filter is an essential part of the fuel supply system in your car. Without an air filter, the fuel system would quickly become filled with insects, leaves, and other debris, in addition to the same fine particles that can obstruct human lungs. The clogged system would be unable to function.

The paper air filter is the most common air filter in cars you will come across for personal use. These are cheap and installation is fairly straight forward. Before paper air filters we used oil bath filters, but these functioned by restricting air flow, causing particles to settle in a pool of oil. You may still encounter this type of air filter but mainly in antique cars. The foam air filter is more expensive than a paper one but much better at filtering dust, therefore if you drive in dusty, dirty conditions regularly you will want to opt for a foam filter. They are perfect for farm equipment. Cotton filters are a kind of filter that can be washed and reused rather than replaced.

For maximum performance and gas mileage, the air filter should be changed or cleaned at least once a year. This suggested time interval varies depending on how many miles are driven yearly and the type of environment one typically drives and parks in. Cars that are driven on dusty dirt roads and in rural wooded areas need to have the filter changed more frequently.

When purchasing a new air filter for your engine do not become confused with a cabin filter as this is only for filtering the air inside the passenger area not the engine.

Wednesday, 26 August 2015

New Project Set to Provide an 85-Year Weather Forecast

Researchers are currently developing an hourly weather forecast for the next 85 years, which will help to predict extreme conditions such as heat waves and cold snaps throughout the UK.

The University of Bath and Exeter University are leading the project and say it aims to help scientists and engineers understand how building designs react to different weather conditions. The predicted weather conditions will be forecast until 2100 and will represent typical weather and events such as lightning strikes, rain, flooding and tornadoes.

Over 1,200 types of building designs will be tested throughout the project in order to help establish how external temperature, wind and sun can cause issues for people living inside. Construction companies in North Wales, the North West and across the UK will be given an insight into the way buildings will then need to be designed in the near and distant future.

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council have awarded the University of Bath a grant of £1million. Professor David Coley at the university mentioned the fact that over 70,000 people died across Europe in 2003 due to a widespread heatwave. The cause of the deaths was not related to the extreme conditions along however, but also linked to the designs of the buildings not being resilient enough to cope with them and protect occupants.

An additional worry is what may happen to homes if the energy grid was disrupted during a cold snap, where people are left in rapidly cooling homes. The new 85-year forecast will provide an understanding of weather events in terms of duration and temperature, as well as the implications of such an event on a building and its residents.

A significant part of this project will be to create an hourly time series of predicted weather over the duration of 85 years, reaching the end of the century. Another part of the project will then be focused on how to ensure buildings become sustainable. Climate change will have a significant impact on the UK building design and energy use in the near future. 

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Difference Between Power Cables & Control Cables

Cables are of various types and varieties, with each cable designed to perform a specific function. The performance and durability of cables depend on the quality of its raw materials. Each individual cable has a distinguished construction, which differentiates it from others.

Power and control cables are often confused for one another, but there are certain elements of each cable that set them apart.

Control cables as their name suggests, send signals to control the functioning of equipment. This type of cable allows distribution of data or signals that have low voltage. They are designed specifically for automation controls, with a copper conductor that is enveloped in galvanised steel braid.

One similarity the two cables have is the variety of cables available in their product range. Control cables have a number of specifically designed cables suited to various automation and computer applications. They are generally twisted in pairs and possess a balanced shielding that reduces interference.

Power cables on the other hand transfer both high energy and low energy from the source to the equipment. They are specifically designed to best suit active and neutral environments and bear a thick outer sheath compared to ordinary control cables. The external sheath of power cables, coupled with its great strength and protection enables the cables to transfer high volume of energy without any tension or strain.

Power cables in comparison to control cables, have a unique colour code system that distinguishes the high voltage carriers from their low voltage counterparts. Control cables on the other hand offer superior resistance to interference, making them the ideal cable for sending low voltage signals.

If you require further assistance with the help of choosing the right cable for your industrial application, be sure to contact Lapp’s dedicated sales team who will be happy to assist you with all enquiries.