Friday, 20 October 2017

Advice on Fuel Tank Removal

If you are weighing up the options of removing your fuel tank to replace it then there is a significantly large chance that yours has become outdated and turned into a safety hazard. Removing a fuel tank can appear quite daunting, and for good reason. Something that was once an incredibly useful piece of machinery), providing warmth from heating fuel in North Wales based homes, has become quite the burden. The first thing that you should be aware of is that there is no need to complete this arduous task by yourself.
Some more experienced people could quite possibly complete this task without the help of another person with any industrial science background, but it is not recommended. You always have the option of calling one of the highly qualified and experienced professionals in the area that provide quality fuel oil services. They should have an expert knowledge on the home heating system that you are using, and with the fuel tank you are wanting removed.
Firstly, any heating fuel left over in the tank of pipes should be pumped out to avoid any form of serious hazard. The tank should then be dismantled safely and securely and removed from the area. There should be as little stress involved as possible, as the removal of a heating system fuel tank is not something that should take up a vast amount of your valuable time, especially with the assistance of experienced professionals.
If you do acquire the assistance of experienced professionals, this will become an expense. But a reliable and helpful fuel service company will happily answer your questions or queries about fuel tank removal and home heating systems. They will certainly insist that the safe removal of an outdated fuel tank is a safety precaution that simply cannot be avoided.

It is widely considered that a 20 year old, (or more), fuel tank is out of date and will need replacing. You definitely do not want to delay something that could become a potential hazard, and if you are inexperienced you most certainly do not want to injure yourself or any else, so contact the skilled fuel service companies in your local area for invaluable assistance.

Thursday, 19 October 2017

What Is Tapping AFM-IR?

A diagram depicting the basics of AFM-IR functionality,
 courtesy of Anasys Instruments.
Nanoscale Infrared Spectroscopy is one of the most fascinating aspects of surface science, and Tapping AFM-IR is a subject which is very commonly being mentioned within it. A development and innovation of the very well respected Anasys Instruments, Tapping AFM-IR is widely considered one of the very most advanced developments in Nanoscale Infrared Technology, thanks to the impressive ability to provide superior spatial resolution for chemical imagery and overall improvement on historic methods.

In short, Tapping AFM-IR is much more accurate, much quicker, and much more gentle than previous methods, showing marked improvement in absolutely all ways when compared with historic methods. Tapping AFM-IR is a large benefit to research, and has overcome older methods, rendering them entirely obsolete.

This in turn extends the applications of Nanoscale Infrared Spectroscopy by removing the limitations it has historically suffered. As such, this refreshed way of doing things is considered to have opened up Nanoscale Infrared Spectroscopy to a far broader sample of experimentation. Essentially, Tapping AFM IR addresses a gigantic range of material types, and extends the application of IR Spectroscopy to life sciences, nanoparticles, and the imaging of soft polymer materials when before it simply wasn’t viable.

The added viability to the testing of these materials thanks to Tapping AFM-IR is simply unparalleled. Add the fact that resonance-enhanced AFM-IR has proven monolayer sensitivity, enabling chemical analysis on the thinnest of surface layers. Laboratories favour Tapping AFM-IR because chemical imaging speed is also increased by 10 times, without any loss of performance or accuracy whatsoever. Essentially, with this method, high resolution imaging is much quicker. When High res is simply not needed, the power of Tapping AFM-IR can be utilised to collect data faster.

Tapping AFM-IR today is one of the most utilized imaging modes throughout the AFM community, thanks to increased accuracy, faster times, as well as creating a whole range of applications which simply were not possible before it. As such, the technology has become largely supported by the community, with operator training kept at an absolute minimum.

Time to data has never been quicker, or easier, and this technology is entirely and utterly here to stay with Tapping AFM-IR being utilised by a large amount of research facilities, laboratories, and academic institutions worldwide.

Wednesday, 18 October 2017

What Is Depth Conversion?

Depth Conversion is a topic which has forever been integral to the oil and gas community. Without it taking up an important part in the much wider Seismic Reflection method, it simply would not be possible to dig deep into the ground in order to obtain oils and gases from reservoirs.

Likewise, without Depth Conversion, it would be impossible to even locate these hidden oil and gas reservoirs in the ground beneath us.  There’s drilling lots and lots of holes, yes – but how would you know where to drill? How would you know how deep to go? Essentially, the act of setting up an oil rig is something which demands the investment of millions upon millions, so it is very important that the process is started somewhere on the right track and you're not blindly feeling around in the dark.

There's the very obvious financial implications to consider, but there's something even more important - the safety of your workers. Different rocks require different methods to get through, and using the wrong drills on the wrong kind of rock can have disastrous effects. Furthermore, it's truly imperative to know just where the lay of the land lies.  

The process of Depth conversion is all in aid of generating a full 3D model of the ground below in an area – a cross section of what is beneath our feet with accurate measurement. Initially, a geology company will use acoustic methods in order to look at what is beneath us. While indeed it’s much more complex than this – the bare bones of the procedure involves a machine is set up to blast an acoustic tone down into the ground. Depending on the types of rock below, the sound will be carried in a differing way. For instance, a porus rock will carry the sound much more differently than a denser rock – and as the sound returns, the volume of rocks below will mean that it will take differing amount of time in order to return.

What happens then is that this data is put into Depth Conversion Software, and a series of equations are employed to interrogate this data in order to eventually come out with a Depth Conversion model or velocity model – a 3D model which contains empirical knowledge of the velocities of which the rocks in area are arranged.   

Friday, 6 October 2017

The Ups and Downs of Oil and Gas Pricing and What it Means

Oil and Gas Pricing is a field which not only effects of the oil and gas industry by means of exploration, development, recovery and industry, but affects all manner of things. Historically, countries, banks, and everything in-between have used oil and gas inventory resources in a similar way to gold – as hedges which are intended to offset potential losses or gains which are occurred in day to day trading.

Essentially, a hedge is designed to be a buffer, allowing banks and countries alike to have a little stability and something to fall back on, should the worst happen. Oil, alike gold, has been used for risk management purposes since time immemorial – though of recent times, hedging as risk management with oil has proved an extremely poor idea. Oversupply has been rife throughout the oil and gas industry, and lack of agreement throughout oil producing countries have been commonplace.

Saudi Arabia and Russia in particular have ceased to comply with OPEC instruction to limit production of oil, and as these oil-rich countries produce from their own reserves, oil prices throughout 2015 have fell rapidly, to a ten-year low of $26.55 on January the 20th, 2016. This has since recovered in April 2016 – when oil and gas prices rose above the $45/barrel of crude oil mark – which, while still below average, is far more characteristic of the oil and gas prices mark before 2015.

Oil and Gas Pricing is imperative for a number of businesses and of course the world’s economy, as large players such as countries and multinational banks are still deep into hedging – preferring not to liquidate these investments at rough seas, for a guaranteed loss.

While indeed it has been argued that Russia and Saudi Arabia’s noncompliance with OPEC and subsequent overproduction of crude oil, and bloating of the market forcing pricing downward has made Western economies rather strong as oil importers, (after all, low prices are better for the customer!) but exporting nations such as Korea and China have suffered in response.

Friday, 22 September 2017

Nanoindenters : How Do They Work?


Nanoindentation Testing is part of the surface sciences and known for being integral to biological materials classification. With very real application in biomedical research, nanoindentation is an important advancement in the biomedical engineering sciences, and the usage of nanoindentation has ensured that truly innovative materials have been created in order to replace human tissue.

But how exactly can a nanoindenter develop new tissues? Nanoindentation is the process of testing factors in materials such as lifespan, resistance to inflammations and bacteria, biocompatibility and of course the mechanical properties of a material.

Doing so requires the application of nanoindentation and a nanoindenter to properly examine the mechanical properties of these materials and compare them to human tissue. This is done at a molecular level through nanoindentation. A nanoindenter is an astonishingly complex piece of kit on the inside, able to percept the activity of cells in infected tissues. Yet what exactly is different about an infected cell compared to a healthy one? A number of things, really –  but typically an infected cell will be much stiffer than a healthy cell. This feature is what can be detected with the usage of a nanoindenter.

The problem of creating a suitable replacement for human tissue is a daunting one. Classed as a complex class of materials, human tissue tends to be much softer than most things, yet human tissue has an elasticity which is normally unassociated with its other features.

Compared to commonly tested materials, human tissue is characteristic of having complicated structures of cells, which make up each of human tissues’ characteristic features. By examining these features closely with the usage of nanoindentation techniques, scientists can learn more about human tissue in order to create a viable replacement.

Human tissue is but one of many challenges which can be solved with nanoindentation techniques. There are a wealth of materials that mankind seeks to create, but even with that considered, there is  possibly nothing more complex than what is around us in the natural world.

The challenge of finding a suitable replacement for human tissue is not without its pitfalls, but with the usage of nanoindentation techniques, advancements in the field are frequent and with research, viable replacements are on the horizon.

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

India Is Becoming the First Country To Go Fully LED


India is becoming the first country in the world to utilise the power and reap the benefits of LED Lighting efficiency, as well as becoming a global world leader in reduced C02 emissions. India’s Power Minister Piyush Goyal stated that the country hopes to use LED Lighting such as Energy Efficient LED Strip Lights and LED Rope Lights for Outdoor Use for all of the country’s lighting needs by 2019, which will help the nation greatly reduce the global burden placed on the earth by C02 emissions – a figure calculated at 2.7 crore tonnes of C02 every year.


This proposal comes alongside Piyush Goyal’s proposals to make all houses in India electrified before 2022, and make the proposed Indian bullet train affordable to members of the public with competitive pricing promised.


India’s stance on renewables is well and truly admirable, and it couldn’t have come at a better time. Climate change is a topic which is prevailing almost everywhere you look in recent years, and as more and more countries are starting to stop and take notice of the effects of climate change, India’s decision has been welcomed by both scientists and environmental awareness groups.

This also holds a massive improvement for India’s infrastructure – utilisation of LED Lighting throughout the country means that an average of 7,725 MW will be saved in peak demand, further strengthening India’s power grids although the country has a very high population.

This decision has likely been made much easier by the falling prices of LED Lighting in recent years, thanks to increased production by larger companies such as Panasonic and Sony, and investment into research and development of LED Lighting which has led to very many improvements which meant that LED Lighting is the favoured choice of all manner of environments – Commercial and residential facilities can experience reduced energy costs, greater efficiency and a range of features such as smart lighting which simply isn’t possible with older lighting technologies such as CFL and Halogen bulbs.

Friday, 8 September 2017

Seismic Inversion Package With Simulated Annealing And Coloured Inversion Covered

An example of absolute impedance output from SA Inversion
through InSeis.
Equipoise Software are a London based software company which are a sister company of the very well respected ERC Equipoise, and are very well known for the Petrel / IHS Kingdom plugin Velit, of which boasts a number of features to vastly decrease uncertainty.

Velit is industry standard software, and reduced uncertainty, more efficient workflows and of course Velit’s advanced library of depth conversion techniques have cemented the plugin’s relevance to modern day geophysics as well as petrophysics.

Off the back of the advances made with Velit, Equipoise Software have another plugin which is making headway in the field of seismic inversion. InSeis is a plugin which is intended for usage within Petrel as well as IHS Kingdom, and is an excellent solution for seismic inversion. In today’s world, seismic inversion is a far cry from mostly optional exploration tool which has took a back seat compared to depth conversion. Nowadays, seismic inversion is useful for obtaining far more accurate interpretations and better estimations of reservoir properties.

InSeis is a neat little tool which covers very many forms of seismic inversion, most notably Coloured Inversion and Simulated Annealing Inversion, for every situation. Coloured Inversion on InSeis is rather quick but the results are still comprehensive – easily comparable to far more time and labour consuming sparse spike methods of seismic inversion. Bed resolution is enhanced, as well as minor faulting, fracture zones and discontinuities are better highlighted- which for some projects can be very helpful, offering far more of an insight to the geologist.

Simulated Annealing is made simple in InSeis thanks to the plugin’s model driven approach, which entirely and automatically removes the seismic wavelet, as well as providing an output of high resolution relative impedance, as well as absolute. Since InSeis’ Simulated Annealing is easy to parameterise and run, it completely avoids the problem of needing to be trapped at local minima by using global optimisation.

Inseis is an absolutely revolutionary project, which provides an excellent toolkit for geologists and geophysicists which place value in getting as much of the picture as possible.

Thursday, 7 September 2017

Slimhole logging in the oil and gas industry


Slimhole logging is a process that enables us to measure rocks and fluids, extremely important in the oil and gas industry. It has been used for a number of years and proven to be a highly effective method of working in the industry.

This process goes all the way back to 1927, where two brothers in France who worked for the Pechelbronn Oil Company created the process as we know it today. Success inevitably followed and it soon became widespread in the industry, especially garnering much momentum in the USA. This was the start of slimhole logging.

The application will see the tool lowered into a ‘slim hole’, where the testing can begin. This allows users to dig a narrow hole that is deep enough to test the ground and rock for its properties in relation to oil and gas.

When the ground data is gathered, an analysis can begin and the likelihood of oil and gas provision can be calculated and influence the next stage of plans. Slimhole logging requirements from a cable-head to a complete logging truck can be used through hire and purchase from slimhole logging providers.

Thanks to this process, slimhole logging is a very advantageous process suitable for many excavators to undertake and allows for swift results to be gathered under examination.

The slimhole logging process takes place when slimhole drilling has been undertaken and is significantly smaller than a borehole. It is generally around 6 inches in diameter and around 4 ¾ inches or less deep

For companies and professionals that need to undertake these processes, a company that both provides equipment and training based in North Wales is one of the best in the world and widely used as a premium slimhole logging producer and educator


By using the best equipment and training, you are enabling your company to become efficient and effective to offer both the best service and in the most efficient and enjoyable manner.

Friday, 1 September 2017

Nanoindenters Made to High Precision, Supplied in the UK

A nanoindenter, unsurprisingly, is one of the main component for usage in hardness tests which are used within the field of nanoindentation. They have been in regular, widespread use since the 1970s in order to measure and test very small volumes of mechanical properties. Also known as depth sensing indentation or instrumented indentation, the nanoindenter is primarily used as part of processes which use machinery to record small amounts of strain put on materials, and the materials reaction to said strain.

Furthermore, a good nanoindenter will be used as an instrumental part of the process to calculate load displacement data which gives added insight into material elasticity, hardness, yield strength and of course wear properties.

The usage of nanoindenters is common in many fields, such as quality testing, assurance, research and academia. There are very many nanoindenters on the market, from a great number of manufacturers across the world. They take very many shapes and forms, including pyramid-shaped nanoindenters, wedges, cones, spheres, cylinders and very much more. Shape can be a rather fluid thing when it comes to nanoindentation, differing shapes can yield results with far greater accuracy depending on the material being tested.

What is static when it comes to nanoindenters is that each and every one must be made to ISO 14577-2 production standard – in order to achieve the high precision requirements which are part and parcel of these tests. Many manufacturers offer nanoindenters as part of their catalogue, including Nanomechanics – a company that strives to make nanoindentation easy and affordable for any laboratory.

The Nanomechanics iNano Nanoindenter is designed to be easy to use. There are a number of features which are part of the iNano Nanoindenter which other manufacturers simply cannot replicate – a degree of innovation which makes Nanomechanics the leading Nanoindenter manufacturer. Essentially, Nanomechanics Nanoindenters are comprehensive and powerful enough to impress those which are not new to the process, and simple enough for even first timers to understand.

Nanomechanics nanoindenters are only available in the UK through Scanwel, a leading distributor of components and systems to a variety of laboratories across the United Kingdom, as well as being an excellent manufacturer of custom fabrications themselves. Enquire today about Nanomechanics products with Scanwel, at 01678 530281 to learn more about their range.

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

Nanonis Quantum Transport Systems – A Superior Way

Nanonis, a subsidiary company of the highly respected SPECs, is an undisputed industry leader when it comes to Quantum Transport Measurement Systems, and this is because of a few factors. The first is the high reputation for quality that SPECs have acquired because of a few factors – mostly the excellent performance of the SPECs EnviroESCA – and SPEC’s stellar reputation in the manufacture of other systems. Add onto that the fact that the Nanonis subdivision has made fantastic advances in the fields of SPM Controllers and Quantum Transport Systems.

One of which is the Nanonis Tramea quantum transport measurement system, which gives a direct technological advancement when compared to conventional measurement systems. A direct upgrade, the Nanonis Tramea is set to make more conventional systems absolutely obsolete due to a number of improvements which promote better, more accurate results, done in a much speedier and efficient way.

What exactly is different with the Nanonis Tramea quantum transport measurement system?

Take the Nanonis Tramea’s real-time data generation and acquisition, as an excellent example of things being done in a very different way. Unlike other quantum transport systems by other manufacturers, the Nanonis Tramea has a dedicated CPU which ensures that all of it’s power is dedicated to the Nanonis Tramea’s computations, rather than the CPU of your machine, which is more than likely balancing several tasks at once. This guarantees a faster computation and constant point spacing, which is a far superior offering than any quantum transport system on the market.

In order to supply your laboratory with this absolutely revolutionary quantum transport system, give Scanwel a call on 01678 530320. This UK based company both manufactures custom vacuum fabrications as per your company’s need, and is the supplier of varying branded solutions from Nanonis, SPECs and very many more, which guarantees your laboratory to stay cutting edge, whether you’re in the field of research or academia.  

Wednesday, 26 July 2017

What Is Oil And Gas Pricing?


Oil and Gas Pricing requests are what every oil and gas company has to go through – throughout multiple stages of an asset’s lifespan. Due to the interests of governments, tax authorities, and of course a firm’s investors, shareholders and lenders, oil and gas pricing is not something that simply can be ignored. Your company’s worth is tied up in assets, and it is imperative that rigid models are constructed so external and internal powers can be placed in the same page as to what is the state of the company and how much it stands to owe.

When your firm has a number of active assets across the world, it makes sense to outsource the arduous tasks of oil and gas pricing to an expert oil and gas reservoir evaluation company with experience in economic evaluation, in order to ensure that the proper due diligence is paid. Saying that, it is also imperative that the oil and gas pricing firm also demonstrates the split between debt and equity with great precision as well as adherence to privacy.

A company’s reports does have a great impact on its value. Investors may not have perfect information or share a view on the process of investment projects without accurate oil and gas pricing. Add into the equation the scrutiny of the state- the way that each and all oil and gas companies must adhere to differing taxation advantages and differing risk profiles – especially when it comes to reserves-based lending.

Reserves-based lending is the go-to for oil and petroleum companies, but at its heart, reserves based lending is merely an asset-backed loan with the asset itself serving as collateral. With this considered, proper oil and gas pricing reserves reports are essential to give investors and lenders an accurate picture of where the company is and the worth that the company has – as most oil and petroleum companies’ wealth is strictly on paper.

ERCE are a London-based oil and gas reservoir evaluation firm and are the go-to when it comes to oil and gas pricing, and their methods of constructing models and then stress-testing them in an extensive fashion can result in investor, shareholder and lender confidence in your company. Furthermore, with their 30 years experience of fiscal systems throughout the world, ERCE are a safe bet for all manner of oil and petroleum companies on a worldwide basis.

Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Nanonsis Quantum Transport Measurement Systems – Revolutionary, Through and Through



Nanonis Retrofittable SPM, AFM and STM Control Systems have an excellent reputation for SPM applications, so much so that STM and AFM users are converting to SPM in droves.

The company is very well known as the creator of SPM equipment and software which is well and truly retrofittable and therefore compatible with all manner of branded equipment from a variety of other manufacturers, but Nanonis Quantum Transport Measurement Systems are worthy of very much celebration.

The Nanonis Tramea™ Quantum Transport Measurement System is an absolutely revolutionary product, which offers a novel and far superior approach to transport measurements. All-in-all, the Nanonis Tramea™ is a superior product in absolutely every way, shape, and form to other systems, granting far superior performance, as well as a measurement speed increase which is (quite literally) up to 1000x faster than conventional measurement systems.

A saving of 1000x the time of other systems of course grants efficiency in the laboratory, freeing up scientists to continue their work, rather than wait around for the hardware to do its job and generate its figures. The worth of the Nanonsis Tramea™ Quantum Transport Measurement System is in futureproofing, as well. The product is completely and utterly customisable, allowing it to have worth even in scientific research which has not been standardised yet.

The Nanonsis Tramea™ is quite feasibly a full replacement for a traditional measurement rack, as a complete measurement platform which provides advanced data, optimisation of said data using a series of advanced algorithms, as well as a high degree of customisation to your laboratory.

The Nanonis Tramea™ is finished off with the unique ability to provide high resolution AD/DA conversions, signal conditioning and processing, making it the perfect addition to any laboratory.

Well and truly modular, Nanonis also provides a series of add-on modules to enable you to build on this product as the needs of your laboratory and your work demands.

Friday, 21 July 2017

Making an Infrastructure Project See the Light of Day

Governments are often perplexed by the question of which infrastructure projects will work, and which will be most beneficial in the long term. As infrastructure projects in particular are rather competitive, a government often uses varying tools to evaluate whether or not projects are more beneficial than others. Finding the project that is most beneficial in the long term is arduous work, and civil engineering North Wales should present a compelling case.

The most beneficial project in the long term can (on a short term basis) be large and expensive, and have a large impact on debt dynamics and macroeconomic stability of local councils and even national governments. Nothing can be done for this, of course – the saying is that you can’t make an omelette without cracking a few eggs – but it has been very well known that governments and local authorities alike do tend to shy away from making large commitments amidst controversy regarding the allocation of large sums of public money.

Even the most beneficial project – such as the HS2 rail link between the North and the South of England – faced controversy because of the allocated spend, and this controversy was further compounded by the timescale of the project. Essentially, governments and local councils are looking to start large projects to better the lives of the people which live within their constituencies, but they tend to expect what they cannot have – small turnaround rates and small time frames.

How is a civil engineering company expected to deliver projects which bring about positive change in the light of all of this? The answer is sufficient project work. Essentially, a project should be treated as a project – it should be sold to a buyer (a government or local council) and factors which as construction, transportation, plus the local effect should be touted extensively.

The benefits to the local area and the larger one should be flaunted, and any civil engineering company or construction company in North Wales or beyond should look into enabling governments to obtain a long-term view on the macroeconomic benefits of large infrastructure projects so that they are able to make informed choices which help the community in the long-term.

Tuesday, 18 July 2017

The SPECs EnviroESCA - A Triumph in Laboratory Efficiency


The SPECs ESCA System  is an absolute triumph when it comes to chemical surface analysis under a variety of environmental conditions, and this is for very many reasons. The equipment is absolutely revolutionary, for a start – enabling an operator to use XPS techniques on compounds such as liquids and gases (or even liquids and gases, together!) and overall is being adapted by a lot of sciences thanks to the myriad functions it provides which were wishful thinking a few short years ago.


The automation possibilities on the EnviroESCA are absolutely unparalleled – the advanced software control system allows each and every sample analysis to be fully automated, and all aspects of the examination are taken care of to reduce error. EnviroESCA controls the vacuum system, the gas handling system and even every single analysis component – eliminating all possibility of human error affecting results.


Should you wish it, the SPECs EnviroESCA can even  be controlled remotely, allowing you to get the very most out of your workflow – which is highlighted with AutoLoader, which is used for entirely and completely unattended introduction and processing of sample batches – which gives the EnviroESCA a unique advantage in production based environments.


Your efficiency is paramount after all, and SPECs have highlighted this with the inception of EnviroESCA. High throughput analysis of stored samples or parts can be realised, giving the EnviroESCA undoubted application in production environments.


Choice is imperative to SPECs though, and their establishment of choice in EnviroESCA is excellent. Should you wish to have an experienced user perform these checks his or herself, you’re more than capable of enabling manual access. All that is needed is a few button presses and you’ll be more than set to go.

The SPECs EnviroESCA is a stunning piece of kit, and is providing vital to many industries including food science, medical research, and cosmetic sciences to name a few, and the reliability of the EnviroESCA is another attractive feature. Each and every system component has been assessed for extended lifetime operations by SPECs themselves, and each display high reliability which ensures low cost of ownership. Furthermore, rapid and easy maintenance cycles reduce downtime and service costs for the EnviroESCA.

Reliable Depth Conversion and Velocity Modelling with Velit

Velit is Equipoise Software’s depth conversion software plugin for Petrel and Kingdom, which offers superior velocity modelling and depth conversion thanks to an array of features which are designed for teams which seek to increase their efficiency, vastly lessen uncertainty associated with the depth conversion and well velocity process, and also take advantage of a vast array of features which are intended to offer an extremely powerful package.

As such, the robustness of a velocity model for depth conversion depends upon a variety of factors. Velit has them all covered, and provides an industry standard tool for velocity modelling and depth conversion which is used in very many sites throughout the world as a plugin to both IHS Kingdom and Petrel software.


Striving For Geological Consistency in your Velocity Model

Consistency within Velocity models is judged by the application of the proper layering scheme – which in hard rock environments means that true geological structures are followed with consideration placed upon lithological contrasts such as bedding, folding, and faulting.

Within softer rock environments, layering may parallel topography structures or bathymetry – as velocity can be confined to a function of depth of burial within these environments.  Multi-layer depth conversion compounds the problem even further, and velocity models must be divided into separate geological layers which are more than likely of differing interval velocity. As such, varying velocity models must be adapted for each layer, and depth prediction of the base of the layer is usually the seismic datum, with the base of such forming the top of the preceding layer. This conversion is repeated, layer by layer, to the last horizon of interest.

There are multiple ways of doing this, and this is where Velit in particular truly shines. Choosing the best function is an easy task within Velit, whether you are using this plugin on Petrel or IHS Kingdom, and Velit provides ways for the user to switch between varying methods and truly interrogate their data in order to evaluate the fit in the best, most effective way.

CFL Is Dead - Long Live LED

LED Lighting has made quite a splash in very many fields of industry since 2005, and in 2017 is synonymous with very many fields such as roadworks, construction, retail, and even agriculture. It’s really not that hard to see why – LED Lighting, be it LED Rope Lights, LED Strip Lights or even LED Extrusions are superior to CFL Lighting and Incandescent lighting in absolutely every way, shape and form.

LED Lighting should be seen of less of a competitor and more of a replacement for antiquated lighting which exists simply for throwbacks sake – developed for the sake of having something, anything, because there was nothing better at the time.

When it comes to lighting, whether for retail, industry, or even residential use - the battle is won and LED Lighting is the overwhelming winner in every way with absolutely no drawbacks to use in comparison to CFL and incandescent lighting. Thanks to the industry in general discovering the potential of LED lighting, it’s never been easier to find.

Whether it’s down to much more lighting options such as the ability to host far more shades of colours and tones (LED Lighting is a far cry from the stark and faceless lighting it originated as. Nowadays, LED Lighting has far more colour temperature options than conventional lighting – which will allow absolutely anyone to find the light that is perfect for them.

LED Lighting has so many features which make it the far superior choice- reduced electricity consumption, reduced production of harmful c02 emissions, or even the fact that it’s truly never been cheaper to retrofit an entire premises with LED Lighting, and very many lighting manufacturers are completely and entirely on board with LED Lighting products such as LED Rope Lights and LED Strip Lights. They’re absolutely everywhere, and you can get a great choice from a number of well known and well trusted manufacturers, and it’s truly never been easier.

Whether it’s super-powerful and supremely durable LED Rope Lighting, slick and customisable LED Strip Lighting or even LED Extrusions, which are well loved by very many industries for the fact that it is so adaptable, LED Lighting is the future and it’s never been more apparent.

Monday, 17 July 2017

Improving Industrial Hose Efficiency With Hydrostatic Testing


Testing Your Industrial Hoses To Improve Efficiency


One of the most commonly used methods of testing your industrial hose is with hydrostatic testing. Buckley Industrials hydrostatic pressure testing facility provides a highly accurate test result via the computer aided tracking system and high-quality equipment.

A pressure test for every industrial hose in your industry is of paramount importance, firstly with preventing health and safety risks to employees and the environment but also with keeping a high standard of efficiency and productivity. It is essential to streamline the performance of each individual hose with regular testing to achieve high-quality products.

It is unfortunate that all extensively used products have a lifespan, and time can take its toll on your hoses. Cracks, splits, tears and rupturing can occur after constant use under high pressures and temperatures, but efficiency can be maintained with one or more testing methods.

Destructive Tests


As the name suggests, the hose is destroyed during the performance of these particular tests.

During a burst test, the burst pressure is recorded at the point of the hose rupturing.

A hold test will determine the point where a weakness will develop and at what pressure during a specified amount of time.

Non-Destructive Tests


Occasionally, the weaknesses in a hose are unable to be detected by the human eye via a visual examination.

A volumetric expansion test is only applied to specific types of hose, for example; hydraulic or power steering hose. The results come from the measure of the volumetric expansion whilst under various internal pressures.
A rise test is the measurement of the hose height from the surface of the table where the test is taking place. Results are determined by the differences between the rise at 10psi, (0.069 MPa), and the proof pressure is recorded to the nearest 0.25 inch.

If these examples of hydrostatic pressure tests are carried out correctly and regularly, your industrial hoses will almost certainly not become a health and safety risk, with efficiency and productivity being maintained consistently within your industry.

Friday, 23 June 2017

The Importance of Hardware and Software Working Together


The Surface Sciences are a very interesting field, and we can think of absolutely no other science which has a truer example of the ideal of hardware and software working together flawlessly in order to create high quality solutions for the user which are both extremely well designed, timesaving, and also can stand the test of time. In all respects, good design, high quality, and timesaving in processes is the trinity of most industrial projects, and a German company, SPECS, and their range of scanning force microscopes are the perfect example of these tenants being achieved thanks to the fact that software and hardware works so well with each other.

If you are not familiar with surface sciences, essentially a scanning probe microscope is an instrument which is designed to “feel” a surface at an atomic level (some of the probes which are used in these microscopes can literally have a tip of an atom) in order to project a picture to a scientist of what exactly it looks like where the eye can’t see – thanks to the fact that each and every different atom will react a different way to said probe. Seeing isn’t the only point in these, however. A scanning probe microscope is capable of moving atoms themselves in order to assist identification.

When the probe moves, it sends absolutely every reading to a computer, which then works with SPECS own software in order to ascertain what exactly said material is, and project a map to a scientist which will assist them with a visual representation of what the eye can’t see. This technology is used in a surprising number of instances – in most aspects of everyday life. The mixture of hardware and software working intelligently together provides a scientist with a workflow reduction, allowing he or her to achieve a much higher workflow - in order to solve problems better.


From DNA Analysis and the research of diseases and cures to everyday material analysis for manufacturers, there is so much application within the surface sciences that analysis techniques are imperative to do right and to do well.

Installing Your Own Stove


Many of us want to save money on wood burning stoves, and many of us want to free up funds in order to get a stove which may cost them a little bit extra. But where exactly do we stand when it comes to doing so? Well, it’s complicated. Rest assured though, while the way to do so is rather complex, our guide hopes to assist you with all of the red tape.

If you’re living in Scotland, you’ll be more than happy to know that you can indeed fit our own stove without any applications, regulations, or say so from anyone other than yourself. If you’re living in England or Wales though, it is slightly different – even if you’re simply relining your stove or fitting a flue or a chimney, and ignoring the restrictions means that you will be in breach of building regulations.

First, you’ll want to contact building control. Find the website of your local authority, and look for the downloadable form on said website for the building notice and full plans application. No doubt you’ll notice that this form is indeed quite a hefty one, but rest assured - You’ll only ever need the building notice section, and not the full plans.

Essentially, you fill in the form and provide the fee which is asked for. The fee varies from council to council of course, so there may be some disparity between what you will pay and what you have read is the going rate. Unfortunately, the council gets to decide what exactly is to be charged.

When your form is complete and sent away, you’ll have someone from building control which will attempt to contact you. With that considered, it is time to demonstrate to said official that you are a competent fitter. You absolutely don’t have to be a professional, a wizard or a guru in order to display competence, and essentially the building control officer, depending on how he or she feels about the job that is to be done, may request photos of the work in progress, or ask to inspect your stove after the work is done.


It’s worth remembering in addition that building control is absolutely not there to catch you out. Essentially, their job is to promote safety, and ensure that the job is done to regulation and most of all that your stove is entirely and completely safe. Fitting a stove isn’t hard, and it absolutely is nothing like rocket science. Don’t be nervous, you’re well on the way to having the perfect home environment you always wanted, and even better – you’ve done it yourself!

Thursday, 22 June 2017

Scanning Probe Microscopes and How They Work




Scanning Probe Microscopy is a relatively in depth science which involves the usage of scanning probe microscopes (SPM) which are used to make “images” of nanoscale surfaces which are far too small for the human eye, or even a microscope, to see  - often consisting of nanoscale solids, gases and liquids at an atomic level. A scanning force microscope is intended for usage via scanning back and forth over the sample, and relaying data back to a computer which generates what exactly the surface itself should look like. Fascinatingly, atoms themselves can be manipulated using a scanning force microscope in addition.

A scanning probe microscope has a probe top which is attached to a cantilever. The tips can amazingly have an edge which is a single atom in width, allowing a scientist great precision when it comes to ascertaining the properties of a particular element. This tip is moved to different coordinates across the surface of an element.

Where the science comes in is that when the probes’ tip is near a sample surface, or a particular group of clustered atoms which represent a solid surface, the cantilever is deflected back by the atoms force. Therein lies the ascertainment of examining a surface to gain a greater understanding of what exactly it is. As each atom in differing compounds is different, It deflects the probe back with a different force. For instance, mechanical surfaces are different than electrostatic, magnetic are different to atoms which are bonded chemically, and so on.


As the probe moves, all of this information is compiled and sent to a computer which lists the information for the scientist in question.

How exactly this information is displayed depends on the system and the manufacturer.

he most recognised manufacturer of scanning force microscope systems is without doubt SPECS, which manufactures a series of scanning force microscope systems and is the sole manufacturer which also offers a software solution.

Essentially, SPECS have dominated the field of surface science and Scanning Probe Microscopy for very many years, having adapted the perfect approach of excellent hardware and time-saving software.

A worldwide company, SPECS products in the UK and Ireland are distributed solely by their chosen distributor Scanwel, a reputable firm which also manufactures their own custom fabrications.